Questions About the Cremation Process
The following are answers to some of the most commonly asked questions about cremation.
Are there any laws governing cremation?
Ohio has very specific laws and regulations governing cremation, the operation of a Crematory, and proper handling of the deceased. You will learn of a few of them in the following questions and answers. You may consult with one of our Cremationists/Funeral Directors with your specific thoughts.
Are there special cremation caskets?
Yes. For sanitary reasons, ease of placement, respect and dignity, many require that the deceased be cremated in a combustible, leak proof, rigid, covered container. This does not need to be a casket as such. Cremation Caskets and containers are available in a wide variety of materials ranging from a simple unlined cardboard and rough wood container to a solid wood, fully lined cremation caskets in a variety of species. These are designed with little or no metal and facilitate the cremation process while meeting the needs of survivors.
Can a casket be rented instead of purchased when choosing cremation?
Jamieson & Yannucci Funeral Home offers a hardwood ceremonial casket for viewing or ceremonies prior to cremation. The ceremonial (or rental) casket is specifically designed to provide an aesthetically pleasing, affordable, and environmentally prudent alternative to purchasing a casket for ceremonies, which include cremation. The interior shell of these caskets is completely removable to continue to house the body through the cremation and is consumed in the cremation process.
What is the purpose of an alternative cremation container?
An alternative cremation container holds a person with dignity and respect while in our custody and is designed for the identification/viewing of a deceased loved one. This container will also allow for ease of transport and proper placement into our refrigeration unit and cremation chamber, also with dignity and respect. A cremation container also facilitates the cremation process and allows for safe handling of an individual for our associates while in our care. A proper cremation container is rigid to bear the weight and impervious to prevent leakage of bodily fluid(s).
What is the purpose of an Urn?
An urn is a specialized vessel to hold a person’s cremated body. It will keep a person’s cremated remains together and protects their integrity. An urn should be unbreakable, especially if dropped. Urns can be used for the following manners of final disposition: Interment, Entombment, Scattering, or Keepsake memorialization.
Are cremations done individually?
Normally yes. However, in rare circumstances Ohio law permits simultaneous cremation of two people. However, most modern cremation chambers are not of sufficient size to accommodate more than one casketed decedent.
When after a death can cremation take place?
Because cremation is an irreversible process and because the process itself will eliminate any ability to determine exact cause of death, many states require that the coroner or medical examiner authorize each cremation. Some states have specific minimum time limits before cremation may take place. In Ohio, 24 hours must lapse. In addition, all necessary legal authorizations and documentations must be processed and filed prior to cremation. This requires the co-operation of the appropriate physician or coroner and local health department.
Is embalming necessary for cremation?
No. Refrigeration may be preferred between the time of death and the time which cremation is permitted. It is your choice. Embalming may be preferred depending on such factors as whether ceremonies you select include a public viewing with an open casket, or to enhance the "memory picture" appearance of the deceased for a therapeutic private family time of goodbye, if a person is going to be transported by air or rail, or because of the length of time prior to cremation.
Is any other preparation required prior to cremation?
It is essential that pacemakers and other medical devices (including radioactive implants) be removed prior to cremation. They may explode when subjected to high temperatures, and flames resulting in very hazardous conditions for the crematorium staff and equipment. In addition, any special mementos, such as jewelry, will be destroyed during the cremation process. The funeral director should remove anything you wish to keep before the casket is transferred to our Crematory area.
Why is refrigeration of the remains necessary?
Due to the irreversible nature of cremation, Ohio requires a waiting period before the actual process may begin. Refrigeration is the only alternative available, other than embalming, that will retard tissue decomposition.
Refrigeration is a necessity that protects family and friends, the crematory operator and the general public from potential health hazards. Jamieson & Yannucci Funeral Home is one of the few funeral homes in the area that has refrigeration accommodations within its facility.
Is identification necessary?
Yes. We do require that your loved one be positively identified prior to burial or cremation. This is a legally required procedure to eliminate the possibility of burying or cremating the wrong individual (in the event that a person was misidentified by a hospital, nursing home, morgue, or other institution prior to being taken into our care). It also helps assure family members that there will be no unanticipated questions in the future.
Our basic care ensures that your loved one is treated with dignity and respect. Your loved one may be identified in the casket or other container selected for burial or cremation. At Jamieson & Yannucci Funeral Home there is an Identification Room for this purpose.
How long does it take to cremate a body?
The casket or container housing the body is placed in the cremation chamber, where the temperature is raised to approximately 1650 degrees Fahrenheit. After approximately three to five hours, all organic material is consumed by intense heat and flame. The remaining bone fragments are known as cremated remains of the body or cremated body. The cremated body is then carefully removed from the cremation chamber. Following this first step, any metal is removed with a magnet and later disposed of in an approved manner. The cremated remains are then processed into smaller particles and are placed in the an urn selected by the family
Is it true that the bones are crushed after cremation? I’ve heard you don’t get ashes back-what do you get?
A complete cremation is a two-step process. First, the actual exposure of the deceased to several hours of intense heat and flame. Following the actual cremation, the cremated body is removed from the cremation chamber to a processing area. There, the cremated remains and bone fragments are scanned and inspected for any metal or harmful material which is removed with a magnet and later disposed of in an approved manner. The cremated remains are then placed in a processor and pulverized into smaller particles creating a granular and sand like texture and finally securely placed in the urn selected by the family
Is cremation a substitution for a funeral?
No, cremation is simply a method of preparing a body for final disposition.
Is choosing cremation a popular choice?
No. While cremation has become more accepted, and increased in its popularity, the vast majority (70%) of families choose personalized traditional services to honor the body and life of their loved one. Of those who choose cremation as a part of their service choice, the majority provide for an appropriate gathering of family and friends, and a permanent placement of the cremated body of their loved one.
Do people choose cremation only to save money?
While some people select cremation for economy, many choose this option for other reasons. Environmental concerns, and the flexibility cremation affords in ceremony planning and final disposition contribute to its interest.
Do I have to make different funeral arrangements if I chose cremation?
It really depends entirely on how you wish to commemorate a life. One of the advantages of cremation is that it provides you with increased flexibility when you make your other ceremonial arrangements. You might, for example, have a family gathering and funeral ceremony prior to cremation, a family gathering and memorial service after the cremation with an urn present; or a committal service at the final disposition of the cremated remains. Funeral or memorial ceremonies can be held in a place of worship, a funeral home, or other desired location.
Can we have the ceremony before or after cremation?
This is a matter of family preference. Cremation can be arranged at a time to facilitate the meeting of the needs of all surviving family members.
Can I attend the cremation?
Yes. You may attend the cremation at our Cremation area. Our on-premise crematory is capable of facilitating this attendance with dignity and respect. While the actual process of cremation is not witnessed, the placement of the individual into the cremation chamber is viewed and any ceremonies desired can be held. Appropriate documentation, and emotional preparation of the witness must take place prior to attendance.
What can be done with the cremated remains?
With cremation, you have various options. Normally, the cremated body can be interred in a cemetery plot, retained by a family member, scattered on private property or at a location that was significant to the deceased. It is advisable to check all regulations regarding scattering. Cremation is just one step in the commemorative process-the preparation of the human remains for memorialization.
Why would I not want to scatter?
This can possibly be painful for survivors. Some people may find it hard to simply pour the mortal remains of a loved one out onto the ground or into a body of water. It is advisable to discuss this with the person(s) who potentially may be charged with this responsibility. Additionally, if scattering occurs in an undeveloped area, it may be developed in the future or the land use may change, making it difficult for survivors to visit the area. This is also a consideration if you use your own private property and the property has the potential to leave your family ownership. Lastly, this is an irreversible act, once scattered, the remains are not able to be collected again. Discuss your thoughts with one of the Funeral Directors to make an informed decision that all the family members could live with.
Why is having a place to visit so important?
Because it provides a focal point for memorializing the deceased. To remember, and be remembered, are natural human needs. Throughout human history, memorialization of the dead has been a key component of almost every culture. Psychologists say that remembrance practices serve an important emotional function for survivors to help begin the healing process. Additionally, some theologies strongly prefer the body remain together, not separated or scattered.
Can I take the cremated remains home?
Yes. The remains are placed in an urn. Most families select an urn that is suitable for placement in a selected area of the home (to serve as a memorial area for remembering). Urns are available in a variety of shapes, sizes, and materials.
Do all religions permit cremation?
Some religions prefer cremation; some do not recommend the practice; most permit you to choose. Should you have any questions or concerns, we will research the matter for you in a private manner.
Do all funeral homes and cemeteries have a crematory?
No. Only a small percentage of cremation service providers and funeral homes own their own cremation facilities. Some funeral homes have added “Crematory” or "Cremation Service" to their name and signs to provide an arguably false impression. We own and operate our own Crematory in our facility so your loved one never leaves our care. Jamieson & Yannucci Funeral Home operates the only Crematory in Miami and Champaign Counties. Our facility is open for your inspection.
Contact us if you would like to tour our facilities or discuss cremation arrangements with one of our licensed staff. We have been serving families of Piqua and Miami and Shelby Counties for three generations.
We look forward to serving you.